Time to grow
It grows well in chill weathers. It is better to grow cabbage in spring, so you can harvest before summer. Or alternatively, you can start cabbage in mid to late summer, so you can see it coming for harvest during the cool season of autumn, winter, or early spring. It can be grown both in open yard or in containers.
How to grow
Soil should be rich in organic matter and drained to grow cabbage. You should prepare the beds before planting by covering it with 2-3 inches of compost or organic planting mix then turn it under to 12 inches deep. Cabbage grows at its best levels where the soil pH is above 6.5 and below 6.8.
Method of planting
Transplant cabbage sapling to the garden it is 4-6 weeks old with 3-4 true leaves. You can bury up to 2 inches of the main stem into the soil.
You should give at least 18-24 inches space between seedlings. Row to row, the space should be 24-36 inches. If you space plants very closer, the heads will be smaller at maturity.
You can grow cabbage easily in a container. But you should select at least 12 inches deep and wide container. Maintain the soil evenly moist. Ensure you do not allow the soil go dry. At the same time do not overwater. Feeding compost tea will help you if you grow cabbage in containers.
Irregular watering will result in cracked heads when it is matured. When plants matured, reduce watering as avoid splitting heads.
Fertilizing cabbage at midseason when plants are established is apt time. Feed it with a high nitrogen fertilizer or feed it with a dilute solution of fish emulsion every fifteen days.
Clubroot is a common disease in cabbage. To overcome this, you can adjust the soil pH to 7.0 or slightly higher by adding lime. Adding good compost before planting helps you while growing. You can supplement the soil with nitrogen if the soil is sandy or if there is heavy rain.
You can also add small quantity of nitrogen-rich blood meal or cottonseed meal to the soil before planting as to enhance the leafy growth.
You can also pay your attention in followings. Especially in warm weather, mulching around cabbage will help to preserve soil moisture. It also helps to keep the soil cool in during warm weather.
Sometimes, this vegetable may be attacked by cutworms, cabbage loopers, cabbage root maggots and slugs. It can be destroyed by spraying with insecticidal soap.
You can avoid fungal diseases by planting disease-resistant varieties or saplings developed with seeds that have been treated with hot water treated. Plant it in well-drained soil and water it with compost tea. You should remove and destroy the diseased plants as and when you notice.
Cabbage will be matured and ready for harvest in 11-24 weeks from seed depending on its variety. If it is transplanted it can be harvested in 8-15 weeks from transplanting.
Hope you are getting into garden to prepare the soil to take up cabbage cultivation.
If you like this article and if you feel it will be helpful to your relatives and friends, please share it. You can also follow us on Twitter and Facebook.